Russian Alphabet and Reading

letter-o-718919
26
Sep

An abstract from the actual course which can be used for beginners without any prior knowledge.

Learning the sequence of the 33 letters of the Russian alphabet will enable you to use a Russian dictionary right away. The Russian language has ten vowels: а, о, у, ю, е, е, и, ю, ы, э, я. Й is essentially an semivowel which works only as diphthong, that is (except in a few words known as words- exceptions in Russian), after another vowel.

Stress is much more expressed in Russian versus English. The stress usually falls on one syllable, especially in multi-syllable words.Though it has no sound of its own, its mere presence affects the very sound of the vowel it is following.

Русский алфавит
Аа
а
Бб
бэ
Вв
вэ
Гг
гэ
Дд
дэ
Ее
е
Ёё
ё
Жж
жэ
Зз
зэ
Ии
и
Йй
и
краткое
Кк
ка
Лл
эль
Мм
эм
Нн
эн
Оо
о
Пп
пэ
Рр
эр
Сс
эс
Тт
тэ
Уу
у
Фф
эф
Хх
ха
Цц
це
Чч
че
Шш
ша
Щщ
ща
Ъъ
твёрдый
знак
Ыы
ы
Ьь
мягкий
знак
Ээ
э
Юю
ю
Яя
я

 Сapitalization

Capitalization in Russian is less common than in English.

In Russian, capital letters are used:

At the beginning of a sentence: Наступила осень. Пришли холода. На улице свежо. Похолодало.

With proper names: Лев Николаевич Толстой. Москва-река. Тверь- старинный русский город.

With pronoun you( polite you: thee), especially while corresponding, official business, etc.: Как Ваше здоровье, как Вы?

With possessive adjectives: Машин велосипед, Володин свитер, Викин портфель.

Сapital letters are not being used for:

Days of the week, months of the year, names of languages and regions and nouns and adjectives of nationality: понедельник  вторник  среда  четверг  пятница суббота  воскресение

январь  февраль  март  апрель  май  июнь  июль  август  сентябрь  октябрь  ноябрь декабрь  немецкий язык поляк серб

Adjectives derived from proper nouns: львовские кафе, парижские рестораны, итальянские дизайнеры, испанская обувь

The pronoun I-я

When writing a title of works, capitalize the first word(as well as names of people and places), but use lower-case for subsequent words: Война и мир, Лев Толстой

 

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  • socratesadmin

    Best Course

    This course is amazing and recommended for all.
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