The Russian case system

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18
Sep

Course Description

To starting a discussion about the Russian case system, it is obligatory to address the relationship between gender  and number.

Russian nouns have three genders: masculine, feminine and neuter.

Generally, nouns that refer to males, persons or animals  are masculine, and those that denote female persons or animals are are feminine in gender.

Thus, отец брат мужик доктор президент сенатор врач  конь стол are masculine; and девочка, мама, сестра, черепаха, птица сенаторша училка учительница are feminine.

The gender of a noun can be also determine from the last letter of the word when in nominative singular:

Most nouns ending in -a or  and all nouns ending in –ия, are feminine:

земля полка женщина фамилия флотилия конференция

All nouns ending in a hard consonant which equal to zero ending or -й, and many nouns ending in , are masculine in gender:

стол дом стул компьютер шампунь чай ученый

All nouns with the suffix –тель are masculine:

водитель приятель исследователь писатель

These nouns not to be confused with others, where -тель is not a suffix:

метель постель both are feminine.

Nouns with the suffix -ость are feminine: радость                У меня большая радость!

гордость             У него большая гордость.

 

 

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  • socratesadmin

    The Russian case system

    Thanks you explaining such a complex system relatively easy and your training exercises are super handy!
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